In year 1 of the apprenticeship, apprentices undertake study of Engineering Mathematics, which consolidates and builds upon the apprentices understanding and knowledge of mathematics. Students also study the application of science in engineering through study of an Engineering Science module. Apprentices also undertake study of Digital Principles, gaining an understanding of combinational and sequential logic circuits and technologies used to implement digital electronic circuits. Through study of Electrical & Electronic Principles they also gain an understanding of fundamental electrical quantities to evaluate circuits, use of semi conductors in simple devices, and the difference between and applications of digital and analogue electronics. In the 2nd year apprentices undertake study of Electrical & Electronic Circuits and Programmable Logic Controllers. For the former they study the operational characteristics of amplifier circuits, investigate amplifier performance, operation and application of oscillators and testing procedures for electronic devices and circuits. Within the PLC module the apprentices explore design operation of PLC systems, functional safety, automated process system and how PLC exchange information and process signals with other devices. They also study Engineering Design process and apply knowledge and experience to undertake an Engineering project. The Pearson Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Electrical & Electronic Engineering is designed to prepare students for a range of technical and management careers in Electrical & Electronic/manufacture/design/production/environmental engineering, provide specialised studies which are directly relevant to individual vocations and professions in the workplace, provide flexibility, knowledge, skills and motivation as a basis for progression to Level 5 courses in Engineering.The course allows for a wide range of practical activities and opportunities for team working, incorporating a range of computer based IT Engineering Applications where students have access to industry-standard Design, Simulation and Control software packages.